Britannia first appeared on the farthing coin in 1672, and she was modeled on the Duchess of Richmond who was so beautiful that Charles II clambered over her garden wall to get to her, only to be rebuffed. Britannia now appears on the 50 pence coin.
The Chief cashier’s signature first appeared on Bank of England banknotes in 1870 and the monarch’s portrait did not appear until 1960. The present Queen is therefore the first monarch to appear on Bank of England banknotes. In 2007 the economist Adam Smith became the first Scotsman to appear on a Bank of England banknote, replacing Edward Elgar on the 20 pound note.
The pound sign developed from the letter “L”– the fist letter of the Latin word “libra” meaning pound. In pre-decimal coinage a penny was represented by the “d” which came from denarius, the equivalent Roman coin.
Thomas Moore email: TMooreSr@me.com Telephone: 801.791.9918